25 Jun Safety Management
Safety management had been an area of great concern for researchers in the past decade. Jin et al. (2018) revealed that the safety management program had been an area of interest for researchers in the past decade after reviewing 513 articles in the construction safety domain. Construction safety management is the process of managing safety regulations, practices and procedures on a construction site (Abas et al., 2020). Besides safety regulations, safety management practices also contribute momentously to safety management. The literature reveals that the traditional H&S practice is carried out in two phases, during the first phase called as pre-construction phase, safety is planned and executed and monitored in construction phase of construction (Zhang et al., 2013). However, many researchers also stated that the current safety practices rely immensely on human’s perception towards safety, knowledge, experience and cognitive abilities to identify hazardous situation (Hongling et al., 2016; Wang et al., 2016; Nawaz et al., 2020). Carter and Smith (2006) argued that the hazard identification by worker’s cognitive abilities deemed impossible due to the dynamic, unpredictable nature and uniqueness of construction sites. Failure to identify safety hazards is the primary cause of accidents in the construction industry (Guo et al., 2017).