19 Sep Barrier
A barrier means any factor that hinders, affects, or resists the implementation of a certain action, resulting in its delay or obstruction. Conversely, enablers are factors that facilitate, help, accelerate, or encourage the completion of that action. An agile methodology is any practice or method correlated to an APM action that contributes to the execution of a process, and that may employ one or more methods and tools. Despite the extensive literature regarding the application of APM in the software industry, there is a lack of empirical studies on other types of industries, sectors, and projects. Bohem and Turner explore management challenges in implementing agile processes in traditional development organizations and frame the question: ‘How do you merge agile, lightweight processes with standard industrial processes without either killing agility or undermining the years you have spent defining and redefining your systems?’. In order to expand the research from the IT field to the AI, it is necessary to investigate similarities between these sectors. Moreover, it is also necessary to explore eventual barriers that are observed in the AI, and previously identified in the IT sector. Two fields are considered as common regarding IT and the AI: cleaner production and lean manufacturing. As defined by Silva and Gouveia, cleaner production is an approach that intends to reduce environmental impacts, while lean manufacturing focuses on the reduction of costs and time. Both aspects have a direct influence on the product and market. These tools tend to help manufacturing processes become more sustainable.
- Freitas, F.; Silva, F.J.G.; Campilho, R.D.S.G.; Pimentel, C.; Godina, R. Development of a suitable project management approach for projects with parallel planning and execution. Procedia Manuf. 2020, 51, 1544–1550.
- Livermore, J.A. Factors that Impact Implementing an Agile Software Development Methodology. In Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE SoutheastCon, Richmond, VA, USA, 22–25 March 2007; pp. 82–86.
- Boehm, B.; Turner, R. Management challenges to implementing agile processes in traditional development organizations. IEEE Softw. 2005, 22, 30–39.
- Silva, F.J.G.; Gouveia, R.M. Cleaner Production: Toward a Better Future; Springer Nature Publishing: Cham, Switzerland, 2020; ISBN-13 978-3030231675.